Broadly, I am interested how minds shape worlds and how worlds shape minds. In practice, this broad interest gets me to explore connections between cognition, oppression, imagination, language, arts, and more. I like to do these explorations with other people and across disciplines.

For each of the research projects below, I highlight a couple of recent representative works. Preprints for all my published, forthcoming, and unpublishable papers are available on PhilPapers.

Cognition and Oppression

My current research is on objects and spaces where cognition meets oppression. Cognitive scientists argue that the way we think and act depend on the world around us. Social theorists argue that the world around us cannot be separated from oppressive systems such as racism, sexism, and ableism. While cognitive scientists typically talk about the sunny side of extending our cognition beyond our brains, there is also a dark side to these cognitive extensions in an unjust world. While social theorists typically attend to the dynamic interactions between the psychological and the social that constitute oppressive systems, the feedback loop must further include how the material shapes the psychological.


Humans are imaginative creatures. We use imagination to represent perspectives other than our own, to represent times other than the present, and to represent possibilities other than actuality. My research examines the psychological and normative nature of imagination by investigating its roles in central human activities such as pretense, engagement with art, and moral education.

Experimental Philosophy

Experimental philosophy uses tools from empirical cognitive sciences to make progress in philosophy. My research includes experimental studies on social aesthetic cognition, for which I was the lead on data collection and statistical analyses. My research also includes application of other empirical methods, such as corpus linguistics and statistical reanalysis.